Impact of international student enrollment in Canada
Impact of International Student Enrollment on Domestic Students in Canada From 2010-2019, the number of international students at Canadian public post-secondary institutions increased from 142,200 to 388,800. Now, over 800,000 international students study at all levels in Canada. This surge raised concerns about the impact on domestic enrolment.
However, a Statistics Canada study showed a positive relationship between domestic and international enrolment. The study focused on:
- Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Business,
- Social Sciences, and
- Education (BHASE) programs.
It found that increased international enrolment did not affect domestic enrolment at the institution level. However, a positive correlation was seen in STEM and BHASE courses: as international enrollment rose, so did domestic enrollment.
This was stronger for BHASE programs in post-secondary non-tertiary and short-cycle tertiary programs. No correlation was found at the graduate level within STEM programs, but a positive correlation was seen in BHASE graduate programs.
When it came to STEM and BHASE programs, however, the study discovered a positive correlation between the two groups in both cases: as more international students enrolled in STEM and BHASE courses, so did more domestic students. This relationship was even stronger for BHASE programs in post-secondary non-tertiary, and short-cycle tertiary (programs between secondary and post-secondary levels of education), where an increase in international student enrolment in BHASE programs correlated with an increase in domestic students across the institution.
Finally, the study discovered no correlation between international and domestic student enrollment in STEM graduate programs; however, a statistically significant positive correlation between international and domestic student enrollment in BHASE graduate programs was discovered.
Impact of International Students on the Canadian Education System
There has been a considerable increase in the number of international students choosing to further their studies in Canada recently. This influx enhances the cultural diversity on campuses throughout the country and significantly impacts the education system, economy, and the communities that host these students.
The growing multicultural environment within educational institutions enriches the learning experience for both local and international students. The increased revenues from international tuition fees also help to improve the quality of education and research in Canadian institutions. Additionally, this trend contributes to the local economy as students spend on housing, food, and other living expenses.
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